Yoga Is – Did you know if yoga activities are one type of exercise? Yep, although in this activity it rarely performs jumping or running movements, but the benefits it gets are equivalent to sports in general. Not only that, this activity has also existed and has continued since ancient India, you know! Wow, that’s a long time!
Most people think that yoga movements are just sitting cross-legged and closing their eyes, even though it turns out that the movements are not just that, you know! Each type has its own movements which of course must be adjusted to the ability of yes. Especially if you belong to the beginner level for this sport, then you have to really pay attention to many things so that the training runs well. Then actually, what the **** is yoga? What is the history from yoga to still survive in modern times? What are the benefits of doing yoga? Come on, take a look at the following review so that you can understand what yoga is and determine what type of yoga suits your abilities!
Etymologically, the word “yoga” comes from Ancient Sanskrit, namely “yuj” which means union; it leads more to the union of the atman (self) and brahman (the Almighty), so that through this one will be better at knowing the body, mind, soul, and all aspects that exist in himself and can make him closer to the Creator. In short, yoga is a type of exercise that aims to improve the health and well-being of the body, by involving physical activity, breathing exercises, relaxation techniques and meditation practices.
Although it is referred to as a type of sport, but its movements do not necessarily jump or run like most athletic sports. In this sport, his movements are more inclined towards breath control, mind concentration, and self-control. Especially in this era, many people live in a state of envy, spite, and anger for the existing situation. Well, this practice is considered to be an alternative for those who behave in this way so that their minds can become clearer.[algolia_carousel]
This sport does not have to be done on the field like ball game sports in general, because it can be practiced in gymnastics studios or yoga houses. There are many types of exercise that you can encounter, but the most common is Yoga Asanas which has a position in the form of sitting by placing the tip of the right foot above the thigh of the left leg or vice versa.
A Brief History of the Development of Yoga
As previously noted , etymologically, the word “yoga” comes from Ancient Sanskrit, namely “yuj” which means union; it is more towards the union of the atman (self) and brahman (the Almighty). Therefore, through this sport, a person will be better at knowing the body, mind, soul, and all aspects that exist in himself and can bringing him closer to the Creator.
Since the term “yoga” is derived from Ancient Sanskrit which is an ancient language in South Asia (more inclined to India), the history of the emergence of this sport is derived from culture Ancient India. The sport was first introduced from a book called Yoga Sutras by Maharsi Patanjali, a legendary figure of Indian origin who lived around 200-500 BC. He interpreted that the sport was a cessation of the movement of the mind and its teachings became a tradition of meditation and ritual among Hindus.
Reporting from historia.id, until now experts and historians have not succeeded in determining when exactly this sport was created. Many argue that this sport has existed since the Indus Valley Civilization, which was around 3300-1900 BC, but there are also those who argue that this sport existed since the time of the Vedic Civilization, namely circa 1700-500 BC. Even so , yoga is growing and accepted by people around the world, especially western people who only became familiar with it around the 19th century. Even today, more than 13 million Americans have believed and made it a sport to improve their health.
Types of Yoga
Yoga has evolved a lot over the course of hundreds of years and has resulted in various types of them that are of course influenced by the diverse cultures that exist. Well, here are some of the types that exist in this world:
1. Yoga Hatha
This type is the right choice for beginners because the movements are still simple, starting from the basic techniques (including basic postures) and breathing techniques. Hatha Yoga is also more concerned with the convenience of harmonizing his physical and breathing exercises, so as not to be hasty in practicing them. Movements in this type are considered to increase body flexibility and reduce stress.
2. Yoga Vinyasa
This type is suitable for Grameds who are in the midst of a diet struggle to lose weight, because the movements are quite dynamic. Yoga Vinyasa also focuses on coordination between breath, physique, posture, and tempo which is quite fast. An acceptable benefit of this breed is to strengthen the arm muscles and provide strength in all parts of the body.
3. Yoga Ashtanga
Of the existing types, this type of yoga is considered to have quite challenging movements. Therefore , Yoga Ashtanga is not recommended for Grameds who have weak muscles and mondays. The benefits derived from Ashtanga Yoga are changes in overall physical and mental strength.
4. Yoga Bikram
Yoga Bikram is suitable for Grameds who want to burn a large amount of calories. In its implementation, this type will require a room that is deliberately designed to be quite hot, namely with a temperature of about 40.6 ° C and humidity of about 40%, which adjusts to the temperature and climatic conditions of India. Within 1 hour, grameds should perform 2 respiratory movements accompanied by 26 consecutive movements. The benefit that can be obtained from this type is that it can get rid of toxins in the body in the form of sweat and make the body easier to bend.
5. Yoga Iyengar
This type is considered very systematic because it pays attention to the overall anatomy of the body in detail. In its implementation, it is common to use supporting tools such as blankets, ropes, chairs, or cushions. The benefits obtained from this type are to improve the stability, strength and flexibility of the body as well as as a health therapy.
6. Yoga Kundalini
This type uses a lot of movements, ranging from movement practice, posture, breathing, and meditation, so it requires a lot of effort in its training. Breathing techniques are becoming a mandatory activity in kundalini yoga. The benefit obtained from this type is to increase energy especially in the lower part of the spine.
7. Yoga Restorative
This type of Restorative is almost the same as Iyengar Yoga, because both use supporting tools. Usually, in one exercise requires 5-6 movements. The benefits obtained from this are slowing down the heart rate, relieving stress, and calming the nervous system.
8. Yoga Yin
In this type, it does not require grameds to do a lot of movements, so it can be said that your body will be passive, but it still has many benefits. Yoga Yin serves to train the body and bones with movements in the form of sitting and lying down positions. Therefore, the benefits obtained from this type are to achieve calmness from the various daily activities that you have undergone, as well as to give leeway to layers of body tissue and joint bones.
9. Yoga Prenatal
As the name implies, this breed is intended specifically for pregnant women. His movements focus on hip area exercises, breathing exercises, and some movements from Restorative Yoga. The benefits obtained from Prenatal Yoga are so that pregnant women and their babies can remain active during pregnancy, while providing strength to the body and his support muscles. Not only that, this type is also useful for increasing energy that has previously been reduced due to the influence of hormones in the body and tightening the muscles the lower body at the same time prevents the abdomen from injury.
10. Yoga Power
This type is very popular with many people, both women and men. This is because the practice in Yoga Power focuses on the goal of strengthening the muscles of the body. If you practice regularly, the body’s muscles can be more formed. Not only that, this type is also useful for helping the body’s metabolic problems.
Benefits of Practicing Yoga
Basically, whatever kind of exercise it is will focus on breathing, strength, and flexibility of the body. Until now, yoga is still much loved because it provides many benefits for the body, ranging from mental health, physical health, to beauty, if routine done. Well, here are some of the benefits that can be obtained from practicing yoga.
For Mental Health
- This movement can train patience because it focuses on breathing accompanied by its count. Usually, you are required to hold the movement until the breath count is over, which is about 3-7 times.
- Especially in the Bhujangasana movement which is in the form of a pose to open the chest by extending the entire upper body, it turns out that it can calm the mind while improving mood.
- Can make the mental state more calm and relaxed in the face of problems. This is because every movement in this sport is done
- It can stimulate the nerve center and cleanse the mind of negative things. Therefore, usually people do this exercise to prevent excessive stress and depression.
- Especially in the Sukhasana movement which is a simple pose in the form of sitting upright on the floor or other flat surface while crossing the legs, where the legs are below both knees, can train the focus and concentration of the mind.
- It can cultivate self-confidence and cleanse the mind of negative things, so that the soul becomes clean.
- It can train us to restrain and control emotions.
- Reduces stress, because in movement it has three main elements, namely pose, breathing, and meditation.
For Physical Health
- Especially in the sarvangasana movement, which is in the form of supporting the shoulders, it can facilitate the circulation of blood flow to the brain and improve mood.
- It can build body muscles well, so that the body becomes stronger, fitter, and healthier.
- It can launch breathing, especially in the breath count in every movement.
- May reduce pain due to injury, especially symptoms of lumbago.
- Can prevent the occurrence of osteoporosis.
- It can prevent the emergence of health problems, ranging from diabetes, asthma, high blood pressure, to heart disease.
- It can lose weight and increase energy.
- The body becomes more pliable and flexible. Therefore , this sport is often done by adults and the
- Improves sleep quality.
- Removes dirt on the skin in the pores, especially in deep breathing movements.
- Burn calories until it can form an ideal weight.
- Prevents aging and improves skin elasticity.
- The skin becomes more rosy and radiant, because these exercise movements can promote blood circulation to the face.
- Prevents the appearance of acne, because it basically helps the body to remove toxins and dirt that are clogged in the pores.
- Repair damaged skin cells, because breathing exercises have proven effective in accommodating oxygen in blood If the blood circulation is good, it can trigger skin regeneration so that damaged skin cells can be repaired.