Definition, History, Types, and Important Benefits of YOGA

Yoga Is – Did you know if yoga  activities are  one type  of exercise? Yep, although in this activity  it rarely performs jumping or  running movements, but the benefits it gets are  equivalent to sports in general.  Not only that,  this activity has  also existed  and has continued  since ancient India,  you know! Wow, that’s  a long time!

Most people think that yoga  movements are just sitting cross-legged and closing their  eyes, even though it turns out that the movements are not just that, you know!  Each type has its own movements which of course  must be adjusted to the ability of yes.  Especially if you  belong to the beginner level  for  this sport, then you have to really pay attention to many things so that the training runs well. Then actually, what the **** is yoga?  What is the  history from yoga to still survive in modern times?  What are the  benefits of doing  yoga? Come on, take a look at the  following review so that you can understand what yoga   is and determine what  type of yoga suits your abilities!

Etymologically, the word “yoga” comes from Ancient Sanskrit, namely “yuj” which means union; it leads more to the union of the atman (self) and brahman (the Almighty), so that through this one will be better at knowing the body, mind, soul, and all aspects that exist in himself and can make him closer to the Creator. In short, yoga is a type of exercise that aims to improve the health and well-being of the body, by involving physical activity, breathing exercises, relaxation techniques and meditation practices.

Although it is referred to as a type of sport, but its movements do not necessarily jump or run like most athletic sports. In this sport, his movements are more inclined towards breath control, mind concentration, and self-control. Especially in this era, many people live in a state of envy, spite, and anger for the existing situation. Well, this practice is considered to be an alternative for those who behave in this way so that their minds can become clearer.


This sport does not have to be done on the field like ball game sports in general, because it can be practiced in gymnastics studios or yoga houses. There are many types of exercise that you can  encounter, but the most common is Yoga Asanas which has a position in the form of sitting by placing the tip of the right foot above the thigh of the left leg or vice versa.

A Brief History  of the Development of Yoga

As   previously noted  , etymologically, the word “yoga” comes from  Ancient  Sanskrit, namely “yuj” which means union;  it is more  towards the union of the atman (self) and brahman  (the Almighty).   Therefore, through this  sport,  a person will be better   at knowing the body, mind, soul, and all aspects that exist in himself and can bringing him closer to the Creator.

Since the term “yoga” is derived from  Ancient  Sanskrit which is an  ancient language in South Asia (more inclined to India), the history of the emergence of  this sport is  derived from culture Ancient India. The sport was first introduced from a book called Yoga Sutras by Maharsi Patanjali, a legendary figure of Indian origin who lived around 200-500 BC.  He interpreted that the  sport  was a cessation of the movement of  the mind  and its teachings became a tradition of  meditation and ritual among Hindus.

Reporting from, until now  experts and historians have not succeeded in determining when exactly this sport was created. Many argue that this sport has existed  since the  Indus Valley  Civilization, which was around 3300-1900 BC, but there are also those who argue that this sport existed since the time of  the  Vedic Civilization, namely  circa 1700-500 BC.  Even so  , yoga is growing  and accepted by people around the  world, especially western people who only  became familiar with it around the 19th  century. Even  today, more than  13 million  Americans have believed and made it a sport to improve their health.


Types of Yoga

Yoga has  evolved a lot over the course of hundreds of years and has resulted in various types of them that are of course influenced by  the diverse cultures that exist. Well, here are  some of the types that exist in this world:

1. Yoga Hatha

This type is the right choice for beginners because the movements are still simple, starting from the basic techniques (including  basic postures) and  breathing techniques. Hatha Yoga is also more concerned with the  convenience of harmonizing his  physical and breathing exercises, so as not  to  be hasty in practicing them. Movements in this type are considered to  increase body flexibility and reduce stress.

2. Yoga Vinyasa

This type  is suitable for Grameds who are  in the midst of a diet  struggle to lose weight,  because  the movements are quite dynamic. Yoga Vinyasa also focuses on coordination between breath, physique, posture, and tempo which is quite fast.  An acceptable  benefit  of this breed is to strengthen the arm muscles and provide strength in all parts of the body.

3. Yoga Ashtanga

Of  the existing types,  this type of yoga  is considered to have quite challenging movements.  Therefore  , Yoga Ashtanga is not recommended for Grameds who have weak muscles and mondays.  The benefits   derived  from  Ashtanga Yoga are changes in  overall physical and mental strength.

4. Yoga Bikram

Yoga Bikram is suitable for Grameds who want to burn a  large amount of  calories.  In its implementation,  this type will require a  room that  is deliberately designed to be quite hot, namely with a  temperature of about 40.6 ° C and humidity of about 40%, which adjusts to the temperature and  climatic conditions  of India.  Within  1 hour, grameds should perform 2  respiratory movements accompanied by 26 consecutive movements.  The benefit that can be obtained from this type is that it  can get rid of  toxins in the  body in the  form of sweat and make the  body easier to bend.

5. Yoga Iyengar

This type  is considered very systematic because it pays attention to the overall anatomy of the body in detail.  In its implementation, it is common to use supporting  tools  such as blankets, ropes, chairs, or cushions.   The benefits obtained from this type are to improve the  stability, strength and flexibility of  the body as well as as a health therapy.

6. Yoga Kundalini

This type uses a lot of   movements, ranging from movement practice, posture, breathing, and meditation, so it  requires a lot of effort in its training. Breathing techniques  are becoming a mandatory activity in kundalini yoga.  The benefit obtained from this type is to increase energy especially in the  lower part of the spine.

7. Yoga Restorative

This type of Restorative is almost the same as Iyengar Yoga, because both use supporting tools.  Usually, in one exercise requires 5-6 movements.  The benefits obtained from this are slowing down the heart rate, relieving stress, and calming the nervous system.

8. Yoga Yin

In  this type,  it does not require grameds to do a lot of movements, so it can be  said that your body will be passive, but it still has many benefits.  Yoga Yin  serves to train the body and bones with  movements in the form of  sitting and lying down positions.  Therefore,  the benefits obtained from this type are to achieve calmness from the  various daily activities that  you have undergone, as well as to give leeway to layers of body tissue and joint bones.

9. Yoga Prenatal

As the name implies,  this breed is intended specifically for pregnant women. His movements focus on  hip  area exercises,  breathing exercises, and some movements from Restorative Yoga.  The benefits obtained from Prenatal Yoga are so that  pregnant women and  their babies can remain active  during pregnancy, while providing strength to the body and   his support muscles.  Not only that,  this type is also useful for increasing energy that  has previously been reduced due to  the influence of  hormones in  the  body and tightening the muscles  the lower body  at the same time prevents the abdomen from injury.

10. Yoga Power

This type  is very popular with many people, both  women and men. This is  because the  practice in Yoga Power focuses on the goal  of  strengthening the muscles of the body.  If you practice regularly, the body’s muscles  can be more formed.  Not only that,  this type is also useful for helping the body’s metabolic  problems.

Benefits of Practicing Yoga

Basically,  whatever kind of exercise it  is will focus on breathing, strength, and flexibility of  the body.  Until now, yoga  is still much loved because it provides many benefits for the body, ranging from mental health,  physical health, to beauty, if  routine done. Well, here are some of the benefits that can be obtained from practicing yoga.

For Mental Health

  • This movement can train patience because it focuses on breathing accompanied by  its count.  Usually, you are required to hold the  movement until the breath  count is over, which is about 3-7 times.
  • Especially in the Bhujangasana movement which is in  the form of a pose to open the  chest  by extending the  entire upper body, it turns out that it can calm the mind while improving mood.
  • Can make the mental state more calm and relaxed in the face of problems. This is because every movement  in  this sport is done
  • It can stimulate the nerve center and cleanse the mind of negative things.   Therefore, usually people do this exercise to prevent excessive stress and depression.
  • Especially in the Sukhasana movement which is a simple pose  in  the form of sitting upright on  the floor or other flat surface while crossing the legs, where the legs are below  both knees, can train the focus and concentration of the mind.
  • It can cultivate self-confidence and cleanse the mind of negative things, so that the  soul becomes clean.
  • It can train us to restrain and control emotions.
  • Reduces stress, because in movement it has three main elements, namely pose, breathing, and meditation.

For Physical Health

  • Especially in the sarvangasana movement, which is in the form of supporting the shoulders, it can facilitate the circulation of blood flow  to the brain and improve mood.
  • It can build body muscles well, so that the body becomes stronger, fitter, and healthier.
  • It can launch breathing, especially in the breath count in every movement.
  • May reduce pain due to injury, especially symptoms of lumbago.
  • Can prevent the occurrence of osteoporosis.
  • It can prevent the emergence of health problems, ranging from diabetes, asthma, high blood pressure, to heart disease.
  • It can lose weight and increase energy.
  • The body becomes more pliable and flexible. Therefore  ,  this sport is often done by adults  and  the
  • Improves sleep quality.

Share Beauty

  • Removes dirt on  the skin in the pores, especially in  deep breathing movements.
  • Burn calories until it can form an ideal weight.
  • Prevents aging and improves skin elasticity.
  • The skin becomes more rosy and radiant, because these exercise movements can promote blood circulation to the face.
  • Prevents the appearance of acne, because it  basically  helps the  body to remove toxins and dirt that are clogged in the pores.
  • Repair damaged skin cells,  because   breathing exercises have proven effective in accommodating oxygen in  blood  If the   blood circulation is good, it can trigger skin regeneration so that damaged skin cells can be repaired.



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